Diabetes is a major health problem affecting more than six million people around the world and of any age. It is a chronic and complex metabolic alteration that is characterized by not correctly metabolizing the sugars, proteins and fats that are eaten regularly.
Excess glucose in the blood causes damage to various tissues and organs of the person suffering from this disease. Campaigns have been created in recent years to raise awareness of their risks and avoid problems. Both governments and medical institutions are working together but many people are facing unexpected consequences of this serious illness.
- Oral problems
People with poorly controlled diabetes are at increased risk of having oral, gum and gum disease problems than those with normal glucose levels.
If you have diabetes, prediabetes or metabolic syndrome you should pay special attention to oral hygiene and visit your dentist on a regular basis.
It is not uncommon for people to detect the first unexpected consequences of diabetes right in their mouth. Whether you suddenly notice that cavities or gum problems appear or that the dentist tells you about them.
The most common problems are:
Periodontitis: This disease affects the bone that supports your teeth. It is important that you follow the treatment prescribed by the dentist to avoid losing your teeth.
Decay: In addition to looking bad, can cause several problems like sensitivity when taking cold or hot. It can also cause breathlessness that even a good brushing of teeth cannot improve.
Fungal infections: Excessive sugar creates the perfect environment for infections of all kinds. Control your glucose levels permanently and always make sure to eliminate sugar residues and food.
Disorders of the palate
Bad breath or fruity breath: Sometimes this symptom is the first symptom in people with diabetes. If you detect this problem go to a medical checkup as soon as possible to check your blood glucose levels.
- Loss of hearing ability
A higher rate of hearing loss has been detected in people with diabetes than in people with normal blood glucose levels. This can be discovered through tests that measure participants’ ability to hear low, middle, and high frequencies in both ears.
Those who present the second of the unexpected consequences of diabetes may have as symptoms:
- Hearing loss
- Balance problems
Poorly controlled glucose levels may result in internal auditory artery sclerosis, spiral ganglion atrophy, and demyelination of the eighth nerve.
If you are over 40, your risks increase.
Pay attention and, if you notice that lately you do not listen well or those around you should shout for you to hear, it is important that you go to the doctor.
- Skin infections
Skin infections are another of the unexpected consequences of diabetes. Common problems can be classified into four types:
- Skin Infections
- Drug Reactions
- Diabetic foot
Diabetics are especially susceptible to dry skin because when glucose levels are very high, the body is trying to get rid of sugar through frequent urination.
If your glucose levels do not decrease to the correct level, you will have more urges to urinate and more fluid will lose your body. If you do not replenish that liquid by drinking water, you will become dehydrated.
In severe cases, itchy, scaly, red lesions may form. Remember that two liters of water a day is the ideal minimum.
You can apply moisturizing creams on the skin that looks dry but if your body is thirsty, the effect of the cream will last a couple of hours or minutes.
- Obstructive sleep apnea
Another of the unexpected consequences of diabetes is obstructive sleep apnea. This is a common respiratory problem that is often overlooked. It occurs when there are intermittent and repeated collapses of the airways during sleep.
It occurs in 2% of women and 4% of men. Two factors that facilitate its appearance are obesity and diabetes.
If you notice that you have trouble breathing while you sleep, it is important to exercise and improve your diet to lose weight. The best exercise is an hour of walking accompanied by a diet rich in vegetables.
- Sexual dysfunction
Diabetes can lead to difficulty in sexual performance for both men and women.
Men who have diabetes are three times more likely to have injuries to nerves and arteries, disrupting the blood flow needed to get an erection.
In addition to that, some diabetes medications can have side effects that contribute to sexual dysfunction.
Women can present:
- Injuries to the genital area not related to sexually transmitted diseases
- Infections in the genital area
Tips to control your diabetes
Many people believe that having diabetes involves facing these unexpected consequences and any other consequences. The reality is that it will depend on the care you have.
A good diet and lifestyle can guarantee you a longevity and almost normal life without these unexpected consequences of diabetes.
We invite you that if you have received the news that you are diabetic, take it as an opportunity to develop better habits of health, food and life.