Dementia is a syndrome, usually of a progressive nature, characterized by the wearing down of cognitive functions.
These are the ones that give us the ability of memory, the intellect and the ability to carry out endless activities of daily life. It is a deterioration that goes beyond what is considered a consequence of aging and is usually one of the reactions of other diseases that affect primary or secondary to the brain.
At present it is one of the pathologies that more disability and dependence causes among the elderly. Although several methods have been developed to cope with it, it continues to be overwhelming for both the affected patients and their caregivers and their families.
According to data from the World Health Organization, around the world there are about 47.5 million people with dementia and each year there are 7.7 million more diagnoses. Most worrying is that many continue to ignore the disease and, although it is relatively common, they do not know the way in which it develops.
Considering how important it is to detect your symptoms to act in a timely manner before these, then we want to share in detail the 8 main.
Difficulty choosing words
One of the earliest signs of dementia is the difficulty in finding the precise words to express thoughts.
Patients who are beginning to develop this condition may spend several minutes trying to remember a specific word that, although they have said it, they cannot know what it is.
- Problems to understand the time
People who are at high risk for this disease have serious difficulties in understanding what the past, present and future are.
Often, when you talk about time, you cannot understand what it means or tend to confuse it.
- Short-term memory
Short-term memory problems may seem common but, in fact, they are an early sign of brain wear and tear due to dementia.
Being unable to remember important events or occurring hours or days before indicates that something is not quite right with brain functions.
On this, too, it may be that, when entering a room or arriving at a place, the person forgets with what purpose he did it.
- Mood swings
Because of changes in brain chemistry when dementia occurs, affected people often fall easily into depressed or irritable moods.
Sudden changes in personality or behaviors may be indicating that cognitive functions are deteriorating.
- Difficulty performing daily tasks
Another of the primary signs experienced by people with dementia is a series of difficulties in carrying out many of the ordinary and everyday tasks that are usually done each day.
Someone whose cognitive functions begin to be affected becomes incapable of accomplishing many of his work at work, leading to some commonplace or doing tasks inside the house.
- Inability to recognize places
As dementia progresses, patients begin to have a harder time recognizing the places where they usually are.
In fact, inside your own home you may feel confused or lost.
Not remembering how or to what end they came to a particular place, or knowing where they are, can be a strong sign of dementia.
The deterioration of cognitive functions brings with it a series of chemical reactions that are manifested both in the state of mind and in the capacity to maintain some physical abilities.
In turn, as a consequence, the person begins to feel more tired of the normal and without a motivation by the activities with which it previously enjoyed.
- Difficulties in writing
In the same way that problems develop to find words and speak, those affected by this syndrome often have difficulties writing as they used to.
The changes in the letter and the problems of expression through these are an alert signal that must be analyzed and related to this condition.
Although in many cases dementia cannot be prevented or stopped, it is essential to take care of your signs to find a treatment that will help you cope.
The faster this wear is detected, the more likely it is to have a better quality of life.