A urinalysis may show hayperglycemia; but a urine test alone does not diagnose diabetes.
The doctor may suspect you have diabetes if your blood sugar in the blood is higher than 200 mg / L.further tests are must for diagnosis.
Fasting blood sugar: diabetes is diagnosed if the fasting glucose level is above 126 mg /L on two different tests. Prediabetes is referred when the Levels fall between 100 and 126 mg / L .These levels are risk factors for type 2 diabetes.
Examination of hemoglobin A1c (A1C):
Normal: less than 5.7%
Prediabetes: between 5.7% and 6.4%
Diabetes: 6.5% or higher
Tolerance test Oral glucose diabetes is diagnosed if the glucose level is above 200 mg / L two hours after drinking a sugary drink (this test is most often used for type 2 diabetes).
Screening for type 2 diabetes in asymptomatic persons recommended for:
Obese children who have other risk factors for diabetes, from the age of 10 and is repeated every three years
Adults over 45; It is repeated every three years.
Type 2 diabetes can be reversed with changes in lifestyle, especially losing weight through exercise and eating healthier foods. In addition, some cases of type 2 diabetes can be improved with weight loss surgery.
There is no cure for type 1 diabetes.
The treatment of both type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes consists of medication, diet and exercise to control the level of blood sugar
All people with diabetes should receive appropriate education and support on the best ways to manage your diabetes. Ask your health care provider about seeing a diabetes educator.
Better control of blood sugar, cholesterol and blood pressure levels helps to prevent kidney disease, eye disease, nervous system disease, heart attack.
To stop diabetes complications, visit your doctor at least two to four times a year and tell them about the problems you are having. Follow your doctor’s instructions about managing diabetes.
Maintaining an ideal body weight and an active lifestyle can prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is not preventable.