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Diseases Caused by Bacteria Causes, Symptoms and Vaccination

Diseases Caused by Bacteria Causes, Symptoms and Vaccination

Bacteria are microscopic unicellular organisms which are formed by prokaryotic cells. Although we sound so negative, these microorganisms are essential for life on our planet, because thanks to them perform many of the essential functions of ecosystems.

They are of vital importance for both human as well be worse, but in this case, we will stop only with those that are harmful to our health.

Below are several diseases caused by bacteria are detailed, causing symptoms in the patient, which bacteria are involved, the transmission mode and the usual vaccination schedule:

Diseases caused by bacteria

Botulism

This disease is caused by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum.

Bacteria may enter the body through wounds or could live in food that has been improperly canned or poorly maintained.

Once incubated symptoms that could arise are:

  • Abdominal cramps.
  • Breathlessness that can lead to respiratory malfunction
  • Difficulty swallowing and speaking
  • Double vision
  • Sickness
  • Vomiting
  • Weakness with paralysis (equal on both sides of the body)

It is spread by:

Wounds

Improperly canned or preserved food

Treatment:

It cured with a drug to combat bacteria (botulinum antitoxin).

Anger

This disease is caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholera.

Rarely, cholera is transmitted by person to person contact.

The symptoms are:

  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Dehydration

It is spread by:

Contaminated food and water

Vaccine:

Name: BS-WC.

The usual pattern for vaccination would be:

A dose of 50ml in children 2-5 years

A dose of 100ml in over 5 years

This disease is caused by the streptococcus bacteria.

Usually it affects children.

Once incubated symptoms that could arise are:

  • One or more blisters filled with pus, easy to pop.
  • Blister itchy, oozing and crusting.
  • Rash may begin as a single point, but spreads to other areas scratching.
  • Skin lesions on the face, lips, arms or legs that spread to other areas
  • Swollen lymph nodes near the infection.

It is spread by:

Animal bites

Human bites

Injury or trauma to the skin

Insect bites.

Treatment:

It cured with antibacterial creams and antibiotics.

Bacterial meningitis

This disease is caused by the bacterium Neisseria meningitides.

It is a bacterial infection of the membranes toping the brain and spinal cord (meninges). This condition would be an emergency and need immediate treatment in a hospital.

Symptoms usually appear rapidly and can include:

  • Fever and chills.
  • Changes in mental status
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Headache with great intensity
  • Stiff neck
  • Decreased consciousness
  • Rapid breathing

It is spread by:

Viral infections that usually gets better without treatment.

Chemical irritation

Drug allergies

Mushrooms

Parasites

Tumors

Vaccines:

Vaccines routinely recommended for children or older than 65 years are:

Hib (Haemophilus influenzae type b)

PCV7 (Pneumococcal conjugate)

Meningococcal vaccine (MCV4) is recommended for:

Adolescents 11 to 12 years, with a booster shot between 16 and 18 years.

Children 2 years and older with problems with the immune system

People traveling to countries at risk

Bacterial pneumonia

This disease is caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pneumonia. These bacteria cause an infection in the lungs.

Once incubated symptoms that could arise are:

  • Fever
  • Cold
  • Cough
  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Tremors

It is spread by:

Air (coughing, sneezing)

By close contact with a person who is a carrier or asymptomatic, that is, they are not sick but have bacteria in your body and can transmit it to susceptible and vulnerable.

Vaccine:

Name: PPSV (Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine).

– Pneumococcal.

– Polysaccharide.

– Vaccine.

The usual pattern for routine immunization is currently:

Usually a single dose of PPSV is needed, but in some circumstances can put a second dose.

It is recommended for over 65 years.

In people of 2-64 years it is only recommended in certain cases.

 

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