Burns are divided into three categories according to their severity. First-degree burns are the mildest and may cause redness and slight swelling of the skin (like most sunburn). Second-degree burns cause blisters and significant inflammation. Third-degree burns may be white or charred and cause serious injury, not only the surface but also deeper layers of the skin.
There are several reasons other than serious burns in children, including sunburn, burns with hot water and those caused by fire, electrical or chemical contact. All of them can cause burns and permanent skin damage.
Immediate treatment you give to a burn must include the following.
As soon as possible, immerse the burn in cold water. Feel free to drop cold water on the burn long enough to cool the area and relieve pain immediately after injury. Do not use ice on a burn. That can delay recovery. Nor rub a burn; you can increase the blisters.
Cool immediately any clothing that is burning submerging in water, then remove any clothing that is on the burned unless has firmly stuck to the skin area. In that case, cut as much clothing as possible.
If the injured area oozing, cover the burn with a sterile gauze or a clean, dry cloth
If the burn ooze, cover lightly with sterile gauze if you have available and seek medical attention immediately. If not available sterile gauze, cover burns with a clean sheet or towel.
For any more serious thing than a superficial burn or if redness and pain persist for more than a few hours, consult a doctor. All electrical burns and burns to the hands, mouth or genitals should receive immediate medical attention. Causing chemical burns can also be absorbed through the skin and cause other symptoms.
If the doctor feels the burn is not too serious, he can teach you how to clean and care for her at home using medicated ointments and bandages. However, under the following circumstances, hospitalization may be necessary.
If the burns are third degree
If 10 percent or more of the body is burned
If the burn involves the face, hands, feet or genitals, or involves a joint that has movement
If the child is very young or irritable and therefore too difficult to treat at home
When treating a burn at home, see if there is an increased redness or swelling or a foul odor or discharge develops. These may be symptoms of infection, requiring medical attention.
Install smoke detectors in the corridors outside the rooms, kitchen, living room and near the incinerator; at least one on each floor of the house. Test them every month to make sure they work. It is better to use alarms that have long battery life, but if not available, change the batteries at least every year on a specific date to remember (as on January 1 of each year).
- Practice fire drills at home. Make sure all family members and others who are responsible for caring for their children at home know how to leave any area of it safely in the event of a fire.
- Have several extinguishers work and are readily available. Place fire extinguishers around the home where there is greater risk of fire, as in the kitchen, oven and near the fireplace.
- Teach your children to crawl toward the exits if there is smoke in the room. (They will avoid inhaling the smoke keeping below).
- Buy a safety ladder if your house has a second floor and teach your children how to use it. If you live in a tall building, you teach your children the locations of all exits and make sure they understand that they should never use the elevator during a fire. (Can I get caught between floors or open in an apartment where the fire is). Agree on a meeting point outside the family home or apartment so they can ensure that everyone has left the area of the fire.
- Teach your children to stop, drop and roll if their clothing catches fire.
- Avoid smoking indoors.
- Lock up flammable liquids at home. It is to improve store outside the house, out of reach of children and away from sources of heat or ignition.
- Lower the temperature of your water heater to less than 120 degrees Fahrenheit (48.9 degrees Celsius) to avoid burns and scalds from hot water.
- Do not plug appliances or other electrical equipment on extension cords if they will get too “amperage” or charging cable, creating a potentially unsafe situation.
- Keep lighters away from children, locked up and where not met.
- Avoid all fireworks, even those that are designed for consumer use.