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Nasal polyps Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

They are similar soft masses sacks in the lining of the nose or sinuses.


Nasal polyps can grow anywhere in the lining of the nose or sinuses. Often they grow where the sinuses open into the nasal cavity. It is possible that small polyps do not cause any problems. Large polyps can block the sinuses or nasal airway.

Nasal polyps are not cancer. They seem to grow due to prolonged inflammation and irritation in the nose because of allergies, asthma or infection.

It is not known exactly why some people have nasal polyps. If you have any of the following conditions, you may be more prone to suffer them:

  • Sensitivity to aspirin (aspirin)
  • Asthma
  • Sinus infections
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Allergic rhinitis


If you have small polyps, you may not have any symptoms. If polyps block the nasal passages, there may be a sinus infection.

  • Rhino rhea
  • Nasal congestion
  • Sneezing
  • Feel that the nose is blocked
  • Loss of sense of smell
  • Loss of sense of taste
  • Headache and pain if you also have sinus infection
  • With polyps, you may feel like you always have a cold.


Medications help relieve symptoms but rarely get rid of nasal polyps. Nasal steroid sprays reduce the size of polyps. They help clear clogged nasal passages or runny noses. Symptoms return if treatment is stopped. The tablets or liquid corticosteroids may also reduce polyps, and can reduce swelling and congestion. The effect lasts several months in most cases. Medicines for allergies may help prevent polyps grow again.

Antibiotics can treat a sinus infection caused by bacteria. They cannot treat polyps or sinus infections caused by a virus. If medicines do not work or you have very large polyps, you may need surgery to remove them.

Endoscopic sinus surgery is often used to treat polyps. With this procedure, the doctor uses a thin, lighted tube with instruments in the end. The tube is inserted into the nostrils and the doctor removes polyps. Normally you can go home the same day. Sometimes polyps reappear, even after surgery.

Expectations (prognosis)

The removal of polyps with surgery often easier to breathe through the nose however, over time, nasal polyps can return.

The loss of sense of smell or taste does not always improve after treatment with drugs or surgery.


Complications may include:

  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Polyps recur after treatment

Call your provider if you often have difficulty breathing through the nose.


You cannot prevent nasal polyps. However, nasal sprays, antihistamines and allergy shots may help prevent polyps that block the airway.

Treat immediately sinus infections can also help.

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