Tonsillitis inflammation of the Tonsils
Tonsillitis is a common disorder of the throat, which causes inflammation of the tonsils. Discover your symptoms, how to identify it, its causes and medical treatments used to cure it.
They are very different disorders that can affect the throat, from a simple and annoying pain after being caught cold, pharyngitis or tonsillitis up. In the case of tonsillitis, as its name suggests, is characterized by inflammation of the tonsils, which can be one or both.
Tonsils (known medically named tonsil) are masses of tissue shaped oval, fleshy and large, found in the lateral wall of the oropharynx, on each side of the throat). Some are clusters of tissue containing cells that produce antibodies useful and necessary in the fight against infection.
As regards self tonsillitis itself, we face an inflammation of one or more lymph tonsils, although from a medical standpoint this term is used to refer only to inflammation of the tonsils.
What is Tonsillitis?
It is an infectious disease acquired by contagion. There are basically two modes of transmission: direct contact (for example, when exchanging saliva, or intimate contact with contaminated objects) or through the air (sneezing or coughing).
Major Symptoms of Tonsillitis
As a rule, tonsillitis symptoms are:
- Sore throat that can be strong and lasting more than 48 hours (2 days)
- Fever, chills feeling
- Difficulty swallowing
- Sensitivity throat
- Tenderness of the jaw
However, depending on whether tonsillitis has been caused by a virus or bacteria their symptoms tend to vary.
Symptoms of tonsillitis caused by viruses:
- Gradual start
- Progressive deterioration
- Mild fever, less than 39 ° C
- Redness of the tonsils
- Moderate pain throat
- Small glands in the neck
- Mild to moderate increase in the size of one or both tonsils
Symptoms of tonsillitis caused by bacteria:
- Abrupt onset
- High fever, greater than 39 ° C
- Enlarged neck nodes (usually painful on palpation)
- Headache and / or abdominal
- Nausea and / or vomiting
Very reddened tonsils, with increased size and presence on the surface of small bleeding, white patches or pockets of pus
Causes of Tonsillitis
The most common cause of amigalitis is colonization of the amygdale by viruses that usually affect the respiratory tract. We can also meet with other viruses, such as the causes mononucleosis or HIV or herpes.
It can also be produced by tonsil colonization by bacteria that usually tends to come through respiratory tract, oropharynx or skin. The most common is the Strep throat, caused by the streptococcus bacteria.
Medical treatment will depend mainly on whether we have a tonsillitis caused by viruses or bacteria. However, as a general rule, it is advisable to take crushed food temperate (to avoid more harm in the throat) and at room temperature or cold drinks.
Tonsillitis treatment produced by Bacteria
This treatment requires the use of a specific antibiotic against the germ that caused the infection. In addition, antipyretic analgesics-that mitigate the pain and reduce fever are used.
Treating tonsillitis caused by Virus
Treatment is primarily symptomatic, used for this antipyretics-analgesic that allows control of both fever and pain.
Rinses with antiseptic mouthwashes several times a day can help prevent colonization by bacteria tonsils, or pharynx.